The slide that is up is from the fMRI research from Ruth Lanius et al at Western Ontario University. The top half of the slide shows blood flow in people with no history of early trauma in the areas of the brain called the “default mode network” or sometimes, the “resting state network”. This also represents the “self-system” in the human brain. It shows up when we are off task. Those in the scanner had been doing a task then told that there was nothing they had to do. There is robust blood flow in those without trauma. They are thinking about themselves; they have an intact self-system. The bottom half shows the lack of blood flow in this same network in those with histories ofdevelopmental trauma. One of the most important and one of the saddest slides I’ve seen.